The Ultimate CBD Guide
The Natural Stacks Ultimate Guide to CBDHere's Just Some of What You Will Learn With This Exciting New e-Guide About CBD ...
*What CBD is and how it differs from THC
*If CBD is legal
*How CBD is made
*What types of CBD are on the market
*Health benefits of CBD
*What terpenes are and why you need them
You’ll learn what this popular chemical does, what kind you should be taking, and why you should be taking it. Plus, you'll learn the amazing ways CBD can promote health and wellbeing, in your body and mind.
Chapter 1: What is CBD?This chapter will direct you through a slice of science, introducing you to this wonder chemical and how it differs from the standard smoke (marijuana).
Let's Start With What CBD Stands For ...
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol -- a chemical that comes from the cannabis plant. The plant is used for a variety of purposes, depending on the part of the plant that is used and what is extracted.
Marijuna, THC, hemp, CBD: what’s the difference?
The two most common types of cannabis plants include sativa and indica. Sativas are known for an energizing and creative “head high” while indicas are usually associated with body sensations and relaxation. Indica strains often have higher levels of CBD and less THC .
All cannabis plant varieties contain cannabinoids -- in fact, over 120 types of cannabinoids have been identified to date . The two most well-known cannabinoids are THC and CBD.
Cannabis, or marijuana, is derived from the hemp plant, which has been used for centuries for healing purposes. Scientists are finding interesting discoveries in the world of cannabis, most of them pointing to the fact that cannabis products are beneficial with few side effects if used in moderation or as prescribed .
The most common use for medical marijuana is pain control. It isn’t strong enough for severe pain, such as post surgery, but is effective for long-lasting, or chronic pain. It’s safer than opiates and has less side effects than most pain killers.
Marijuana is used for:
Pain managementMuscle relaxant NauseaWeight lossPTSDIrritable bowel syndrome and Crohn's 
THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) are the cannabinoids that most people are aware of. THC is the psychoactive compound that is responsible for the "high" associated with marijuana. Its presence in marijuana plants is the unique characteristic that distinguishes them from hemp. Standard marijuana contains about 25-30% THC.
Hemp by contrast contains very low levels (if any) of THC. The concentration of THC is not allowed to be higher than 0.3% in the plant or end products .
Hemp is the fiber portion of the cannabis plant, usually extracted from the stem. It’s typically used to make materials such as fabrics or paper. Hemp oil, which comes from the seeds of the plant, is used to make creams, moisturizers, or even paints. Hemp seeds can be eaten and are eaten whole, used for protein powders, hemp milk.
Hemp was even sold in US pharmacies until it was taken off the shelves in the 1930s when it was classified as a narcotic, at which a widespread propaganda and fear mongering began in such films as Reefer Madness .
CBD is the non-psychoactive portion of the plant, so it is not associated with euphoria effects. It is a cannabinoid found in the seeds, flowers, and stems of the cannabis plant. It’s natural and can be extracted in oil form.
CBD provides many of the same benefits of THC but without any of the mind-altering effects associated with THC:
Paranoia DepressionDecreased short-term memoryChange in sense of timeIncreased anxiety 
When CBD is combined with THC, it can help mitigate some of these (sometimes negative) effect.
Since CBD provides health benefits without the mind-related changes, it is usually legal.
“In states where marijuana is legal, varying laws exist that regulate the source of CBD oil. However, CBD oil sourced from industrial hemp plants and containing less than 0.3%” 
More on the legal state of CBD and marijuana to come.
The Endocannabinoid System
To understand why THC and CBD are so different, it helps to get a clear picture of the effect each has on the brain. Cannabis contains cannabinoids, molecules which are similar to what you have in the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in your body.
The ECS system is a complex system that plays important roles in central nervous system, development, neurotransmitter synapses, and the pain system. The most abundant receptor in this system is the CB1 cannabinoid receptor. This is mostly found in the central nervous system. The CB2 receptor is also activated by some cannabinoids, found in your peripheral nervous system and immune system .
CBD and THC are the two main compounds in the cannabis plant, and both interact with the CB1 receptors. The two substances activate the same receptors, but not in the same way. That’s why, when some people consume CBD, they end up feeling relaxed in a similar way as they do when they take marijuana, but they won’t have the same feeling of being “high.”
Scientists aren’t completely clear on how CBD or THC affect the body, but they do know that the ECS is a complex molecular signalling system which appears to keep various functions of the body in balance.
The endocannabinoid system regulates sleep, mood, memory, pain response, appetite, and inflammation.
As anyone who has ever gotten sleepy or hungry after ingesting marijuana might guess, THC has an effect on these systems as well.
Both types of cannabinoids also stimulate the production of neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin, which might explain why they may be useful for managing mood problems like anxiety and stress .
Legal Status of Cannabis (2019)
The legal and regulatory issues in the United States around cannabis, CBD, and hemp are currently a grey area. This is because at the federal level cannabis is still an illegal substance.
The legal status of marijuana in different U.S. states currently ranges as follows:
*CBD and low-THC allowed
*Medicinal use on prescription allowed
*Recreational use allowed
“Thirty-three states and the District of Columbia currently have passed laws broadly legalizing marijuana in some form. The District of Columbia and 11 states -- Alaska, California, Colorado, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont and Washington -- have adopted the most expansive laws legalizing marijuana for recreational use. Most recently, Illinois became the second most-populous state to legalize recreational marijuana.” 
So the bottom line is that, when using CBD or marijuana, you’ll have to look up the law that applies to where you live. You might also want to ask the supplier about the composition of the product, what plant it was derived from, and where it was grown.
When a nerve releases a neurotransmitter “message” it crosses a small gap called the synapse, then attaches to a receptor on the next nerve. Think of these like internet connections.
But instead of being connected by a wire, they have a small gap called a synapse between one another. Almost like wifi versus dial up.
This gap allows for the electrical impulse to be changed into a chemical signal, in order to send the right message.
Neurotransmitters are chemicals that send messages through this gap, between neurons or from neurons to muscles.
Neurotransmitters bind at the receiving cells (receptors) and trigger changes. Just like a key and lock, the neurotransmitters can “open the door” to a new action. If the key matches the lock, the message is received, if not, it either waits to get reabsorbed or enters at a slower pace.
These key-like chemicals impact endless functions of the nervous system and your body. When they work in harmony, you feel good, have a sharp mind, and a well behaved body. Think physical and emotional equilibrium.
But when the brain and body communication systems break down, your psychological well-being may suffer. Too much or too little neurotransmitter levels are associated with disorders such as depression, anxiety, or physical ailments.
Neurotransmitter Support Team
We all need a helping hand. A neurotransmitter starts as a precursor. To support precursors in becoming a neurotransmitter and balancing your brain, they require helper molecules, known as cofactors.
Simply put, a precursor is a substance from which another is formed. It’s an inactive substance that becomes an active one, such as a neurotransmitter. It’s derived from an available source -- typically from your diet or supplements.
A cofactor is an organic molecule that is required for enzymatic activity, or revving up a reaction in your body. They’re considered to be helper molecules that assist in transformation. A cofactor starts the engine on a process of change.
Your body is constantly adjusting and adapting to what’s thrown at it; rebalancing and creating homeostasis. The key is to support your body in manufacturing a healthy amount of neurotransmitters. With neurotransmitter unanimity, you get:
Enhanced mood and regulated emotionsMore motivation to do the things you loveAcute focus; think clearly and being present in your favorite activities Restful and rejuvenating sleep Movement, attention, learning, motivation, behavior
Chapter 2: How is CBD Made?Get a "behind the scenes" look at the process of manufacturing CBD. From
CBD Manufacturing Processes
CBD is extracted from hemp plants that contain low amounts of THC, and strains are now being widely cultivated for this particular purpose. Producers use different methods of extracting CBD from plants, and the extraction method determines the type of product made.
As far as extraction goes, fresh plants make for the most potent and concentrated types of products. Extraction methods vary from simple ones that you might use at home, to highly technical methods that deliver a very pure product.
CBD Oil Extraction With Liquid Solvent
Oil extraction is the most well-known way of getting oil from any dried herb. It involves using a solvent (the liquid in which the product is dissolved) like low-grade alcohol to separate and collect the active compounds.
To do this, the plants are placed into a container and the solvent runs through. The solvent takes the cannabinoids out of the plant, essentially “collecting” it. Afterwards, you evaporate the liquid which leaves the chemical compound as an oil. The extract is then blended with a carrier oil, like hemp seed or olive oil, to get a product that is more practical to use.
This is the easiest and least expensive way of extracting oil from the plant. But it can leave impurities, as well as stripping away other ingredients like chlorophyll, which makes the resulting oil taste strong.
Reliable manufacturers have their finished product tested for CBD content as well as contamination.
Most commercial producers use carbon dioxide (CO2) as a solvent to extract CBD oil. In this case, pressure and heat are used to put CO2 through its three states of matter — liquid, solid and gas — which pulls out the CBD from the plant.
This process typically takes place via a closed loop extractor (solvent is sealed off and contained from the air) with three chambers: one to pressurize the CO2 (dry ice), one holds the plants, and the last chamber is used to separate the CBD from the plant matter.
Essentially this machine helps to push the CO2 into a state that is somewhat liquid, so that it can move through the plant and “grab” the CBD. Then this CO2 mixture is sent to the third chamber, where it’s heated. The CO2 turns to gas, and the oils remain at the bottom.
The end result is a pure oil free of chlorophyll and contaminants.
Extraction in a Tincture
A tincture is a liquid concentrate which is formed via an alcohol-based extraction method. This is a simple and safe process that doesn’t need heating. Flavors can be added to a tincture to make it more agreeable for people who dislike the taste of cannabis.
The practice of oil extraction is simple and safe, and it can even be done at home with olive oil.
The first step is to decarboxylate the plant. This means heating it to activate the desired chemicals. Then you add oil and heat it to 100 degrees. This will extract the CBD from the plant so it will be “in” your olive oil.
One drawback to this method is that the oil can become rancid if not stored properly, which is one reason why major producers don’t typically use it.
Extraction by Molecular Separation
This is an industrial extraction process where CBD and other substances are separated through vacuum distillation process that doesn’t require high temperatures. In this case, the end product is nearly pure CBD — usually in the form of a fine white powder.
Chapter 3: Different Types of CBD ProductsThe CBD market has exploded in popularity, which can make it terribly confusing to know what to buy and take. This chapter explores the many CBD products that are available and will help you narrow your search.
There Are Three Types of CBD Available on Store Shelves ...
Oils, isolates, and wax.
Each of these can be in the form of different types of products: oils, tinctures, creams and gels, capsules, sublingual sprays, transdermal patches or vapors.
The concentration, dosage and benefits of CBD can vary by product, depending on the type of CBD and the extraction and manufacturing processes used. You also need to consider that different ways of consuming the CBD affects its bioavailability (the amount of active substance absorbed by the body).
When you ingest CBD, it will take a while to feel the effects as it has to go through the digestive system and circulate through the liver. CBD applied under your tongue or inhaled are absorbed directly through the mucous membranes into the bloodstream and are available to the body immediately. A supplement typically takes about 45-60 minutes in order to feel the effects. Edibles may take longer depending on what type of food is used.
Keep in mind that everyone reacts differently to CBD so effects and timing will vary.
Products containing CBD oil are widely available on the market. You can find it in capsules, tinctures, or added to edibles. It can also be added to a number of non-edible products, such as balms and lotions. These work well if you’re looking for something to use topically to soothe rashes or sore muscles. It can also help with inflammation related skin issues .
Wax comes in different forms, and may be referred to as CBD shatter, live resin, crumble or budder. It’s produced by treating the extract so that it becomes solidified and crystallized.
This form of CBD is highly concentrated and typically people will ingest it via dabbing (inhaling small quantities of a concentrated and vaporized). Dabbing CBD wax is pretty potent and can provide instant relief from pain and other problems. But you should use it with caution, since the substance in this form is quite strong.
All-natural CBD isolate is one of the most pure and natural forms. This is in part due to the production process, which eliminates the chance of trace amounts of THC or contaminants. The isolate extraction starts like other extraction process. Once the initial extraction takes place, the concentrated CBD still has the plant material.
A purifying process then comes, including filtering out the plant material. Then the oil goes through a “winterization process” to further remove any wax or plant materials that were still present. It results with a fine, white powder.
CBD isolate contains the actual amount of CBD as in the product (eg: 10 mg of isolate equals 10mg of CBD), which allows for accurate dosing. CBD isolate is used in many of the same products as those manufactured from oils. Both are easily dissolved in carrier oils.
CBD Crystals or Sheets
CBD isolate may also be made into crystals or sheets. You may prefer to buy your CBD as pure crystals in order to choose how you prefer to ingest it. You can use crystals to make capsules, edibles and creams. Crystals can also be added to food and drinks or sprinkled on a cigarette.
Crystals can also be used for dabbing, the method of inhaling which is becoming very popular as it gives you a quick “hit” of the substance. The substance is dabbed onto a nail that heats it and releases the vapour.
CBD liquids for vaping (some with nicotine and some with THC) are available for purchase on the market. Most CBD vape “juice” is made from CBD isolate and does not contain THC, while others are made from raw hemp and may contain traces of THC.
Dangers of CBD Products
The cannabis industry is booming and will continue to do so, until there is official regulation and control of substances like CBD. You should do your research to have a clear understanding of what you’re purchasing before you try it.
The supplement industry is currently much less regulated than the CBD space. Which means that anyone can make a CBD supplement without formal regulation or testing.
Many companies violate federal law by spiking their hemp oil products with isolated cannabinoids rather than using natural hemp oil that contains naturally-occurring phytocannabinoids.
Some products from vaping liquids contain a chemical that’s been linked to emergency room visits and even death . Some products were found to contain “K2” and “spice” which can trigger panic attacks, increased blood rate, and even organ damage. Other products contained a cough drug ingredient and DXM which can cause abnormal heartbeat and sedation .
It’s important to do research and ask the right questions. Don’t hesitate to reach out to vendors with inquires like:
*Is this a full-spectrum or pure CBD oil, an extract, isolate or wax?
*What is the actual quantity of CBD in the product?
*What is this product best used for?
*How was this product produced?
*Can you give me the name of the company that produced this product?
*Do you have any paperwork to show that this product is authentic?
*Do you offer exchanges or refunds if I feel that the product is not of the quality that is advertised?
You may also want to do a bit of research on the business itself to see if other reviewers have had good experiences with products.
A trusted company should be able to produce a Certificate of Authenticity provided by an accredited independent laboratory.
Chapter 4: The Possible Benefits of CBDCBD has been claimed to assist with a variety of health issues. It’s an appealing natural option for relief from pain and other symptoms. This chapter explores some of the scientifically-backed benefits.
The Science and Research Says ...
CBD has been claimed to mitigate pain, inflammation, anxiety, acne, and possibly even epilepsy and cancer symptoms . A 2017 report by the World Health Organization confirmed that CBD can likely treat epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, anxiety, and depression .
Research shows that CBD has the potential to relieve:
Day-to-day stress and anxietyGeneral aches and painsChronic pain, particularly if it’s associated with inflammationPain from auto-immune conditions such as fibromyalgia, inflammatory bowel disease, and arthritisSleep issuesMild depressionNausea and lack of appetiteBlood glucose controlAcne
6 benefits and uses of CBD
Here are six of the top health benefits of CBD, that are supported by scientific evidence.
Since pain is related to inflammation, CBD’s natural anti-inflammatory effects can be extremely helpful in reducing pain. A big perk is that it doesn’t have the side-effects that pain killers do .
The relation between CBD and the endocannabinoid system promotes a reduction in anxiety and stress, in those who suffer long-term. It has also been proven to help with sleep .
Medical marijuana and CBD have been recognized as nausea relievers in hospitals for quite some time. It may help increase appetite in those suffering with eating enough in situations such as post chemotherapy treatment .
Blood Sugar Stabilizer
CBD may help with the management of type 1 diabetes by reducing inflammation in the pancreas. A number of animal-based studies and some human studies have highlighted potential health benefits of cannabis for diabetes .
Since acne is also related to inflammation, CBD can help treat it due to its anti-inflammatory properties. In addition it can help fight bacteria on the skin .
CBD has gained popularity as an aid in treating epilepsy. This is due to its potential to decrease the frequency and severity of seizures .
Side Effects of CBD
Side effects of CBD are possible, but rare. If you take too much, you may experience dry mouth, low blood pressure, dizziness, depression, nausea, fatigue and irritability .
In June 2018, the FDA approved its first cannabis-derived drug, a CBD product used to treat two rare and severe forms of epilepsy in children . So the FDA approves CBD when taken as prescribed. The FDA does not regulate the safety and purity of dietary supplements which is why it’s important to fund a trusted product.
If you have a serious health problem or are taking medications, be sure to consult your doctor before trying CBD.
How Does Natural Stacks CBD Work?
OmegaCBD and DreamCBD feature full-spectrum hemp oil, all of the original cannabinoids, terpenes (more on this in the next chapter), phytocompounds, and essential oils of the hemp plants are contained in the hemp oil extract. They are made in an FDA registered & NSF certified facility.
The cleanest and highest quality CO2 hemp extract was sourced. By sourcing directly from boutique farmers in Colorado, Natural Stacks was able to dictate the two specific hemp strains (Berry Blossom and Cherry Wine) to feature in formulas because of their amazing terpene profiles.
Lavender also contains Linalool, a terpene that acts synergistically with the terpenes in full-spectrum hemp oil to help you relax and fall asleep faster.
Chapter 5: What are Terpenes and Why You Need Them?Discover what terpenes are and why they just might be the “next CBD." Terpenes are used in Natural Stacks CBD products. Read on to find out why ...
Terpenes are another compound found in cannabis. Like CBD, terpenes are not psychoactive. This means they won’t get you high but they might benefit your health.
Terpenes are aromatic organic compounds or essential oils that are found mainly in plants but also in some insects. Terpenes are often used as anti-inflammatories and analgesics (pain-relievers). Their advocates say they can help with a wide range of health conditions, from anxiety to Alzheimer’s disease .
While terpenes are a component of most plants, they are almost always talked about in conjunction with marijuana as they are highly concentrated in the cannabis plant. There are over 20,000 terpenes altogether, over 100 of which are found in cannabis .
Terpenes are recognized as safe by the FDA. For people with health conditions and the medical marijuana industry, terpenes are important because as scientific knowledge about them increases, they can be used to create products that better target specific health disorders and diseases.
This list of terpenes contains the most common ones used benefiting health and wellness:
The most common terpene, myrcene can make up 50% of the terpene profile of a cannabis plant. Myrcene is also found in mangoes, hops, wild thyme, basil, and lemongrass.
Myrcene is often used to help people with insomnia. It is sometimes also used to reduce inflammation and relax muscles . Called a “couch-lock” terpene because of its sedative effect, myrcene can induce extreme tiredness and the feeling of being “stoned.”
Pinene is another common terpene, found in pine needles, orange peel, basil, parsley, sage, and conifer trees.
Alpha- and beta-pinene are powerful anti-inflammatories that may help promote airflow to your lungs (eg as a pre-workout drink), boost energy, mental alertness and memory . Pinene is sometimes used to counterbalance short-term memory loss from the use of THC.
Limonene is found in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges and in peppermint as well as cannabis. Because of its fresh scent, it is often used in cleaning products.
Limonene is mainly used as an antidepressant as it may help to elevate mood, relieve stress and boost energy . Limonene is also considered to be an effective antifungal, antibacterial, weight loss aid, and is sometimes used to treat bronchial infections.
Limonene is often used in ointments and creams as it is thought to increase the absorption of other terpenes through the skin.
Linalool is found in lavender, mint, cinnamon, coriander, and some mushrooms. Linalool is often used to calm anxiety and aid sleep. It’s a powerful anti-inflammatory and is used to promote neural function and control gross motor skills. It is also sometimes used by liver cancer patients, to boost the immune system, and reduce lung inflammation. Studies have suggested that it might help people with seizures and epilepsy .
Beta-caryophyllene is the terpene found in leafy greens, basil, oregano, cinnamon leaves, black pepper, and cloves.
It’s known as being protective for the gut and also as an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and for pain reliever. Beta-caryophyllene is often used to help people with anxiety and depression.
The results of an animal study suggested that beta-caryophyllene could be useful in the management of Alzheimer’s disease as it might help reduce inflammation and activate CB2 (cannabinoid) receptors in the brain .
Scientists also say that beta-caryophyllene could have anti-cancer properties, such as promoting the death of cancer cells, suppressing the growth of tumors, and stopping cancer from spreading .
Eucalyptol is found in eucalyptus as well as many other plants. It has been used for centuries to reduce pain, and the results of modern medical studies appear to support this.
In one study, patients inhaled either eucalyptus oil or almond oil for 30 minutes for three days following a total knee replacement procedure. The eucalyptus oil group were shown to have reduced pain symptoms .
The Entourage Effect
Scientists used to believe that smells had positive health benefits because your sense of smell is associated with areas of the brain that influence your mood but they now believe that terpenes may act directly on brain cells. They think terpenes work by binding to receptors and neurotransmitters and imitating natural compounds in your body to regulate things like emotions, weight, and health.
Scientists say that terpenes in cannabis enhance the effect of cannabinoids such as THC and CBD, leading to increased therapeutic benefits; called the entourage effect. For example, myrcene combined with THC is a more effective sedative than THC alone.
In groundbreaking research published in 2011 in the British Journal of Pharmacology, neurologist Ethan Russo suggested that cannabinoids and terpenes work together to increase the effectiveness of each other . Russo showed that terpenes help cannabinoids travel through the bloodstream and cross the blood-brain barrier.
Other contributing factors to the entourage effect include the proportion of cannabinoids such as THC and CBD, the way the cannabis plant is processed, how it is ingested, and the subspecies (indica or sativa).
If you’re intending to purchase cannabis, look for blends that include terpenes. Remember, there are no doctor-recommended dosages. Concentrates available from online retailers can be very strong. One drop is usually enough
Chapter 6: Understanding CBD & The Bottom LineAt the end of the day, you must decide if CBD is for you. The days of cannabis stigma are over, and millions of people around the world are now opening up to the very real possibilities of CBD and what it can do to help them.
Final Thoughts ...
CBD, and nothing for that matter, is a cure all -- it’s important to balance supplements with a healthy lifestyle (staying active, minimizing toxins, reducing stress, and eating a wholesome diet). Since CBD is an unregulated supplement, it’s essential to research the quality of the product, your state’s laws, and to check with your doctor before giving it a try.
Studies do confirm CBD may be a good option for managing stress, pain, insomnia, and nausea. CBD can provide a soothing zen-like state that allows you to remain calm and collected. It provides complete relief by supporting the endocannabinoid system’s ability to regulate inflammation, benefit mood, and alleviate discomfort. Naturally.
"I've spent the last year sourcing the cleanest and highest quality CO2 hemp extract the USA has to offer.
We discovered and partnered with sustainable and organic farmers in Colorado to produce our full-spectrum CBD products. We capsuled the highest quality CBD on the market at an incredibly competitive price for our loyal customers.
We third-party test our compounds to ensure you're not only getting the right amount of CBD (many products are actually a lot LESS than they say they are), but to continue in our mission in full-transparency.
Our CBD's are truly the best products on the planet. I can't wait for you to try them."
Natural Stacks Founder
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